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Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that offers tooth and jaw positioning treatment. If the teeth did not erupt from the gums as they should normally, if the tooth is stuck in the gum or if there is an anomaly in the gingival anatomy, these problems are repaired with orthodontic treatment.

Dental diseases caused by defects such as tooth decay, jaw growth, and crooked teeth are corrected with orthodontic applications. In this context, treatment is performed with braces, and the procedure is done by the orthodontist. However, diagnosis, prevention, treatment, and check-ups play an extremely important role.


Purpose of Orthodontic Treatment


Many issues related to orthodontic treatment are being researched. Questions such as “what are the types of braces” or “which braces are better” are among the most common ones. Orthodontic braces can be porcelain, ceramic, metal, lingual, or in the form of clear aligners. Each has its own specific use.

Basic objects are brackets. A bracket is a medical instrument that is attached to the tooth surface and wires are passed over it. Of course, there are also methods without wires, such as Invisalign, which is applied using appliances. In addition, fixed or removable braces models are also available to patients for treatment. For information about orthodontic bracket treatment, you can contact Osis, which makes a difference with experienced health professionals.


Types of Brackets


  • Lingual Bracket: These custom-made brackets are not attached to the front surface of the teeth, they are placed on the back surface of the teeth. It is aesthetically advantageous as they are not visible during actions such as laughing, talking, and eating, that is, when the mouth is opened. The cost of lingual bracket treatment may be higher than other applications.


  • Metal Bracket: Metal brackets are one of the most used braces, and perhaps even the first. It is suitable for both back and front teeth and upper and lower teeth. They are made of stainless material as there will be liquid and saliva contact. Self-Ligating braces are also a type of metal brackets that are used to obtain straight teeth.


  • Invisalign Models: Invisalign is an orthodontic treatment using a transparent aligner. It helps to correct the problem of crooked teeth through transparent aligners that fit the teeth well. It is a suitable type of treatment for patients who do not have serious dental alignment disorders. The distinguishing feature of Invisalign is the non-use of braces. Mouth measurement is taken, which is done in the clinical setting, and the appliance is prepared under its guidance of it. You can consult your dentist for detailed information about traditional braces or invisalign.


  • Ceramic Bracket: Ceramic brackets have an appearance that is closer to natural tooth color. Therefore, they look more aesthetic on the tooth surface than metal braces. The answer to the question of whether it is a ceramic bracket or a metal bracket will vary. The severity of the tooth alignment problem is one of the factors that can be decisive.


Eligibility for Orthodontic Treatment


The question of whether I am a suitable candidate for braces, which is one of the most curious subjects, will be determined as a result of the dentist's examination. However, it should be noted that there is no age limit for braces. Below are the prominent diagnoses and treatments of dental anomalies based on form and structure, the results of which refer to the advantages of braces:


  • Open bite treatment,
  • Bad bites (malocclusion) treatment,
  • Fix of the crooked tooth,
  • Repair of tooth misalignment,
  • Correction of incorrectly positioned permanent teeth,
  • Correction of anteriorly positioned tooth alignment,
  • Unerupted tooth correction.


Orthodontic Treatment Process


Orthodontic treatment is mostly applied from the age of 10. Dental treatment in children is subject to the field of pedodontics dentistry. However, orthodontic applications can be started at an earlier age in children who have problems with milk teeth. Treatment is started according to the results of diagnostic methods such as dental x-ray, 3D imaging, and intraoral examination.

The entire oral area from the upper jaw to the front tooth is examined. The dental history of the patient is also examined. It is checked whether there is a general health condition that prevents treatment. If a different dental application is required before orthodontics, these procedures should be completed first. The patient is informed about the dental brace prices and orthodontic treatment costs according to the type. What to do during the process is explained to the patient and a treatment plan is created.


Healing Process After Orthodontics


It is important to raise awareness among patients about life with braces. Although there are no viral changes that will negatively affect daily life, it is necessary to be careful in matters such as oral care and braces care.


  • Teeth and braces should be brushed regularly, which the dentist/orthodontist will explain in detail.
  • Interface brushes should be used to ensure interdental hygiene.
  • Dentist control appointments should be made.
  • Mouth movements that will disrupt the form and texture of dental appliances should be avoided.
  • Hard foods should not be consumed, and foods should not be bitten with the front teeth.

Frequently Asked Questions